Greenhouse gases are gases forming the planet's atmosphere which keep the infrared radiation due to their physico-chemical characteristics. This in turn results in a so-called greenhouse effect which is the unfavorable temperature increase on the planet.
This includes the following gases:
- carbon dioxide
- nitrous oxide
- halon and industrial gases.
Some of them have always been present in the atmosphere, but intense human activities over time contribute to increased levels and to the emergence of new, harmful gases.
Here are some practical solutions for agriculture which substantially can help to reduce the emissions:
- increasing the use of renewable energy sources
- optimizing the use of energy-intensive means of production
- aggregation of procedures and the work carried out in the field
- injecting liquid manure into the soil or direct placement of manure into it
- using fertilizers with slow release ratio or with low carbon content
- optimizing the use of nitrogen fertilizers
- storing manure in roofed placed
- use of zero tillage.
Particular attention should also be paid to the necessity of maintaining the proper organic matter balance in the soil in order to avoid excessive release of carbon dioxide.
It is another negative effect of agricultural activities of humans. Its potential sources are:
- waste and incineration
- application of pesticides
- application of manure
- dust formed during transport, harvest and cultivation
- exhaust gases.
Reducing emissions of this type of pollution requires actions related primarily to the identification of their sources, with constant monitoring of their level, then implementing of effective solutions for clean air.
Protecting of natural environment against the adverse impacts of agricultural activities has been one of our priority tasks. This also includes taking care about clean and unpolluted air. We try to take care of it every day, analyzing the impact of our activities at each stage of our work. That is why we have invested in efficient and non-invasive machinery and equipment, and most importantly, we have made a number of changes in how to perform our agricultural treatments.
Here are some of our solutions in terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions:
- two old grain drying plants have been exchanged for one large unit, working on gas
- we focused on energy efficient lighting throughout the entire company
- we have changed the cultivation technology to reduce fuel consumption, which, inter alia, involved investing in modern machinery, aggregation of treatments on the field and giving up destoning
- we prewent excessive evaporation of manure spread on the field by mixing it with the soil on the next day after application at the latest.
We also see to reducing the dust, which is one of the major factors of air pollution due to agricultural activities:
- we perform the agricultural activities in optimal conditions (soil moisture)
- we try to avoid plant protection treatments in the form of powders, replacig them with granules
- the grain drying plants have been equipped with cyclones to cletn the exhaustion air from any dust, chaff and other waste
- on most of the fields we use the all year round coverage with plants.